OYCF's research program consists of three types of activities:
- OYCF-Chow Fellowship for Field Research in China debuts in 2018.
- OYCF members have edited and published two books in Chinese, one on China's rural problems (2006) and the other on social stratification in China (2010), based on the papers presented at the OYCF annual meetings in 2005 and 2006.
- From 2002 to 2007, OYCF joined hands with San Francisco-based 1990 Institute to establish a cooperative fellowship program to support research on China's economic and social policies. Projects receiving the OYCF-1990 Institute Research Fellowship support included pressing public policy issues such as "rural taxation," "local governance and income disparity," "long term care for the elders," "village elections and taxation," and "labor training and poverty alleviation."